October 30, 2015

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Have you ever heard about Halloween? Do you know when – and where – it’s celebrated? Let’s learn more about the origins of this very special date – and how it’s celebrated – by reading this article based on the text published at http://www.halloweenhistory.org/:

“The word Halloween is a shortening of All Hallows’ Evening, also known as Hallowe’en or All Hallows’ Eve. Its origins lay in the ancient Celtic festival known as Samhain (pronounced “sah-win”), which means “summer’s end” in Gaelic. The end of summer also meant the end of the harvest season in Gaelic culture. Samhain was a time used by the ancient pagans to take stock of supplies and prepare for winter. The ancient Gaels believed that, on October 31, the boundaries between the worlds of the living and the dead overlapped and the deceased would come back to life and cause havoc such as sickness or damaged crops

Irish and Scottish immigrants carried versions of the tradition to North America in the nineteenth century. Other western countries embraced the holiday in the late twentieth century including Ireland, the United States, Canada, Puerto Rico and the United Kingdom as well as Australia and New Zealand

The practice of dressing up in costumes and begging door to door for treats on holidays goes back to the Middle Ages, and includes Christmas wassailing. Trick-or-treating resembles the late medieval practice of “souling,” when poor folk would go door to door on Hallowmas (November 1), receiving food in return for prayers for the dead on All Souls Day (November 2). It originated in Ireland and Britain, although similar practices for the souls of the dead were found as far South as Italy. Shakespeare mentions the practice in his comedy The Two Gentlemen of Verona (1593), when Speed accuses his master of (…) whimpering (…) like a beggar at Hallowmas

Nowadays, trick-or-treating is an activity for children (…) in which they proceed from house to house in costumes, asking for treats such as candy with the question, “Trick or treat?”. The “trick” part of “trick or treat” is a threat to play a trick on the homeowner or his property if no treat is given. Adults should purchase treats (that is, chocolate and candies) in preparation for trick-or-treater children. It’s estimated that 25% of all candy sold in the U.S. is bought for Halloween

Traditional Halloween activities also include  bonfires, costume parties, visiting “haunted houses” and carving jack-o-lanterns. Masks and costumes are worn in an attempt to mimic the evil spirits or appease them”

 FONTE:

– http://www.halloweenhistory.org/

– http://www.history.com/topics/halloween/history-of-halloween

– http://www.livescience.com/40596-history-of-halloween.html

Wanna learn more? Access the original article at http://www.halloweenhistory.org and  http://www.livescience.com/40596-history-of-halloween.htmlYoull also love to watch the VIDEO at http://www.history.com/topics/halloween/history-of-halloweenAnd, best of all, at World English Intro Unit 11 you will study Halloween and other typical North American Holidays to expand your Holiday culture

rubber-duck Trick or Treat, quack!

 FONTE DAS IMAGENS :

http://villageofmonee.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/kids-halloween.jpg

https://thefairytaletraveler.files.wordpress.com/2013/10/jack-o-lanterns.jpg

http://www.smartdestinations.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2011/10/brick-or-treat-1.jpg

 

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